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Crafting a Dynamic Weather Mini-Program from Scratch

This comprehensive tutorial offers a step-by-step guide to building a dynamic weather mini-program.

The aim is to create a multi-page program that leverages the Amap's weather API, displaying weather conditions for a user-selected city.

Setting the Project Foundation#

Start by following the guide to create your mini program.

The result? A new project built within the current directory, following this directory structure:

📦demo-app ┣ 📂pages ┃ ┣ 📂index ┃ ┃ ┣ 📜index.bxml ┃ ┃ ┣ 📜index.bxss ┃ ┃ ┣ 📜index.js ┃ ┃ ┗ 📜index.json ┃ ┗ 📂logs ┃ ┃ ┣ 📜logs.bxml ┃ ┃ ┣ 📜logs.bxss ┃ ┃ ┣ 📜logs.js ┃ ┃ ┗ 📜logs.json ┣ 📂utils ┃ ┗ 📜util.js ┣ 📜app.bxss ┣ 📜app.js ┣ 📜app.json ┗ 📜project.config.json

Building the List Page#

Next, update the file code as follows:

┣ 📂index ┃ ┣ 📜index.bxml ┃ ┣ 📜index.js

<view className="page-container">  <text className="h1">Cities List</text>  <navigator className="list-item" url="/pages/detail/index?city=Beijing"> Beijing </navigator>  <navigator className="list-item" url="/pages/detail/index?city=Shanghai"> Shanghai </navigator>  <navigator className="list-item" url="/pages/detail/index?city=Guangzhou"> Guangzhou </navigator>  <navigator className="list-item" url="/pages/detail/index?city=Shenzhen"> Shenzhen </navigator></view>
Page({  // Triggered when the page is brought to the foreground.  onShow() {},  // Triggered when the page is hidden in the background.  onHide() {},})

In the code above, we are using the view, text, and navigator components to layout our page. The mini program is equipped with a large collection of built-in components you can learn more about from Components.

Page components also provide several lifecycle hooks, like onShow() and onHide(). These two callbacks are triggered when the mini program toggles between the foreground and background of the app. Learn more about lifecycle from LifeCycle.

We are transitioning between pages using the navigator component, which uses a 'url' parameter to route us to the detail page. You can learn about routing and parameter passing from Router.

Creating the Details Page#

Start by creating a 'detail' folder within pages, and generating the required files:

📦pages┣ 📂detail┃ ┣ 📜index.bxml┃ ┣ 📜index.bxss┃ ┣ 📜index.js┃ ┗ 📜index.json

Add this new page to src/app.config.json:

{  "entryPage": "pages/index/index",  "pages": [    "pages/index/index",    "pages/detail/index" // <- Add this line  ],  "window": {    "backgroundTextStyle": "light",    "navigationBarBackgroundColor": "#fff",    "navigationBarTitleText": "Title",    "navigationBarTextStyle": "black"  }}

Now you can begin drafting the code for the details page. You can do this by making some adjustments to: ┣ 📂detail ┃ ┣ 📜index.bxml ┃ ┣ 📜index.js

Developing the Details Page#

Let's get started by setting up the code for the details page. We will need to update the following: ┣ 📂detail ┃ ┣ 📜index.bxml ┃ ┣ 📜index.js

<view className="page-container">  <text className="h1">{{city}} Weather</text>  <text className="text">Temperature: {{temperature}}°C</text>  <text className="text">Description: {{weatherDescription}}</text></view>
Page({  // Variables defined here are observable and can be used in templates.  data: {    city: '',    temperature: '',    weatherDescription: '',  },  // Triggered when the page is loaded.  onLoad(query) {    this.setData({      city:,    })    this.updateWeather()  },  async updateWeather() {    // Obtain and parse the weather data...    const weatherData = await fetchWeatherData(    this.setData({      temperature: weatherData.temperature,      weatherDescription: weatherData.description,    })  },})

The onLoad(query) function in the above code will be triggered when the page loads. query contains the parameters passed from the previous page, which we then access to grab the city value. It is also worth noting the fetchWeatherData(city) function. This function fetches and parses the weather data. However, the specifics of this action are not detailed here for simplicity.


This tutorial has guided you through the process of creating a simple and dynamic weather mini-program. If you followed along, congratulations on your new program! Not only did you learn the basic development process, but we hope it also inspired you to explore more about mini-program development, such as using APIs and working with real-time data. Happy coding!